Class Resources:
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Module 5
Module 6
Module 7
Module 8
Module 9
Module 10
Module 11
Module 12
Module 13
Module 14

Other Resources:
Ancient World Online--Open Access Ancient Nubia and Sudan
Full Text of Fontes Historiae Nubiorum I-IV
UNESCO General History of Africa v. 2
Lost Nubia: A Centennial Exhibit of Photographs from the 1905-1907 Egypt Expedition of the University of Chicago
The Nubia Salvage Project
The Lost Land of Nubia: Egypt’s Southern Neighbor in Africa
Ancient Nubia
Gallery of Artifacts from Exhibition “Ancient Nubia: Egypt’s Rival in Africa” e-books and texts
Project Gutenberg free ebooks

Week 3:  Ancient Sudan in the Egyptian Middle Kingdom (Kerma)

FlipGrid Assignment: 
Answer the question:  What did you find most interesting about the art and burial practices of the Kerma culture? in a short (90 second) video response on FlipGrid.

David N. Edwards. (2004). The Nubian Past.

ch. 4 Kerma and Bronze Age Kush


Marjorie M. Fisher, et al. (2012). Ancient Nubia:  African Kingdoms on the Nile.

History of Nubia (by Marjorie M. Fisher, pp. 21-25)

The Art and Architecture of Early Nubia:  The A-Group and the Kerma Culture (by Peter Lacovara)

Nubian Adornment (by Yvonne J. Markowitz)


            László Török. (2009). Between Two Worlds.

ch. 6 Lower Nubia Between Kerma and Middle Kingdom Egypt (c. 2055-1650 BC)


W. Y. Adams. (1984). Nubia: Corridor to Africa

Ch. 8 Transition to Empire: The Nubian Kingdom of Kerma


Excerpts from UNESCO General History of Africa v. 2 (1981).

            N. M. Sherif:

            Nubia Before Napata (c. 3100-750 BC): The Middle Kingdom (from ch. 9)

            Nubia Before Napata (c. 3100-750 BC): Kerma (c. 1730-1580 BC) (from ch. 9)


Margaret Judd & Joel Irish. (2009). Dying to Serve.


Middle Kingdom Map (German)  Middle Kingdom Egypt  Kerma Location Detail  Map of Kush Empire of Aksum Map Map of Nubia from Oriental Institute (U Chicago)
Middle Kingdom (German) Middle  Kingdom Egypt Kerma Location Detail Kush Aksum Orietal Institute


This Project Dedicated to the Memory of
Peter L. Shinnie
Dr. Peter L. Shinnie
University of Calgary, Alberta
Frank Yurco
Dr. Frank Yurco
University of Chicago

in gratitude for their assistance
when I began studying this subject
in 1995
Videos of the week: