Class Resources:
Module 1
Module 2
Module 3
Module 4
Module 5
Module 6
Module 7
Module 8
Module 9
Module 10
Module 11
Module 12
Module 13
Module 14

Other Resources:
Ancient World Online--Open Access Ancient Nubia and Sudan
Full Text of Fontes Historiae Nubiorum I-IV
UNESCO General History of Africa v. 2
Lost Nubia: A Centennial Exhibit of Photographs from the 1905-1907 Egypt Expedition of the University of Chicago
The Nubia Salvage Project
The Lost Land of Nubia: Egypt’s Southern Neighbor in Africa
Ancient Nubia
Gallery of Artifacts from Exhibition “Ancient Nubia: Egypt’s Rival in Africa” e-books and texts
Project Gutenberg free ebooks


Week 11:  The Meroitic Kingdom and Interactions with Rome/Meroitic Language and Writing

FlipGrid Assignment: 
Answer the question:  What do you think of the conclusions about the origins and development of the Meroitic language as outlined in Rilly & de Voogt? in a short (90 second) video response on FlipGrid.

László Török. (2009). Between Two Worlds.

ch. 15 Uniting Two Worlds:  Lower Nubia in the Time of the Meroitic Viceroys (c. 30 BC to the Middle of the AD Fourth Century)


Excerpts for Cambridge History of Africa v. 2 (1978).

R. C. C. Law:

North Africa in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods, 323 BC to AD 305: The Roman Empire in Africa/Egypt and Cyrenaica Under the Roman Empire (pp. 193-205, from ch. 3)


Peter L. Shinnie:

The Nilotic Sudan and Ethiopia, c. 660 BC to c. AD 600: Meroe and the Roman Empire (pp. 245-253, from ch. 4)

The Nilotic Sudan and Ethiopia, c. 660 BC to c. AD 600: The Later Culture of Meroe (pp. 252-259, from ch. 4)


Excerpts from UNESCO General History of Africa v. 2 (1981).

J. Leclant:

The Empire of Kush:  Napata and Meroe: Rome and Meroe (from ch. 10)


Excerpts from The Meroitic Language and Writing System (2012).

Introduction: History and Texts (pp. 1-9)

Linguistic Affiliation (pp. 62-65)

Conclusions (pp. 174-181).


Excerpts from Fontes Historiae Nubiorum II (1996).

Aqrakamani (pp. 686-689)

Queen Amanirenas (pp. 718-723)

Prince Akinidad (pp. 725-728)


Roman Egypt    North Africa/Near East Political Map Map of Kush Empire of Aksum Map Map of Nubia from Oriental Institute (U Chicago)
Roman Egypt Economic/Trade Map of the Easterm Roman World Political Kush Aksum Orietal Institute


This Project Dedicated to the Memory of
Peter L. Shinnie
Dr. Peter L. Shinnie
University of Calgary, Alberta
Frank Yurco
Dr. Frank Yurco
University of Chicago

in gratitude for their assistance
when I began studying this subject
in 1995
Videos of the week: